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n the fictional Macross Japanese anime series and its English adaptation Robotech, the first mass-produced variable fighter (Macross) or veritech fighter (Robotech) is called the VF-1 Valkyrie.
The VF-1’s Fighter mode is its basic mode and is the typical mode employed when the craft is parked at a military base and is the primary mode used in high altitude aerial combat planetside and in space combat.
In this mode, it features a basic fuselage similar to the real-world F-14 Tomcat jet fighter, including underslung intakes and variable-sweep wing, but with outward-canted vertical stabilizers similar to the F/A-18 Hornet’s, swiveling under-wing hardpoints (last seen on the F-111 Aardvark, Su-24 Fencer, and Panavia Tornado), and a total lack of tailplanes. It is armed with 1, 2, or 4 (depending on model) Mauler RÖV-20 laser cannons mounted on a ventral turret, a GU-11 55 mm three-barrelled gun pod holding 200 rounds, four underwing hardpoints holding up to twelve medium-range AMM-1 missiles, twelve MK-82 LDGB bombs, six RMS-1 large anti-ship reaction missiles or four UUM-7 micro-missile pods containing up to 15 Bifors HMM-01 “micro-missiles”. Like most of the VF-1’s nomenclature, the “GU” and “AMM” designations of its weapons are references to current US military designations (GPU for Gun Pod Unit and AIM for Air Intercept Missile).
In fighter mode the VF-1’s thermonuclear engines and the several vernier rockets on its fuselage make it capable of operating as an aerospace fighter. It can reach a maximum speed of Mach 3.87 at high altitude (above 30,000 metres), and Mach 2.71 at medium altitude (10,000 metres). Its wings, similar to those of the F-14 Tomcat, sweep between 20 degrees back and 72 degrees back. Unlike the F-14, the wings can sweep 90 degrees back for storage, with the tail module folding up over the fighter’s back. Although the VF-1 technically has an unlimited service ceiling and atmospheric range (since it can operate in space), the VF-1’s internal tanks cannot carry enough propellant to achieve a stable orbit and needs the help of a booster pack to reach Low Earth Orbit.
While in fighter mode, the VF-1 can also be equipped with a FAST Pack space booster and weaponry system. This system vastly improves the speed and survivability of the fighter as well as giving it access to extra ammunition.
Fighter mode has two sub-modes:
– In atmospheric mode the engine air intakes are open; wings geometry is flexible.
– In space mode the engine air intakes are closed. Wings remain extended but fixed due to
the presence of vernier thrusters on the wing tips, and wing-carried ordinance.
The shield that covers the cockpit in Battroid mode is usually absent, except on pilot’s request for use as a heat shield, for example in case of atmospheric re-entry.
Equipment Type: all-environment variable fighter and tactical combat battroid
Government: U.N. Spacy, U.N. Navy, U.N. Space Air Force
Cost: not publicly disclosed, but reported as approx 20 times that of a standard Destroid.
Introduction: November 2007
Operational Deployment: 2009 February 7
Accommodation: pilot only in Marty & Beck Mk-7 zero/zero ejection seat
-Battroid Mode: height 12.68 meters; width 7.3 meters; length 4.0 meters
-Fighter Mode: wingspan 14.78 (fully extended); height 3.84 meters; length 14.23 meters
-GERWALK Mode: wingspan 14.78 (fully extended); height 8.7 meters; length 11.3 meters
Mass: empty 13.25 metric tons; standard T-O 18.5 metric tons
Structure: space metal frame, SWAG energy converting armor
Power Plant: two Shinnakasu Heavy Industry/P&W/Roice FF-2001D thermonuclear reaction turbine engines, output 650 MW each
Propulsion: estimated 12,500 kg [x g] x 2; or estimated 25,000 kg [x g] x 2 in overboost (245.25 kN x 2 overboost); 4 x Shinnakasu Heavy Industry NBS-1 high-thrust vernier thrusters; 18 x P&W LHP04 low-thrust vernier thrusters beneath multipurpose hook/handles.
Thrust-to-weight ratio: empty 3.47; standard T-O 2.49; maximum T-O 1.24
-Battroid Mode: maximum walking speed 160 km/h
-Fighter Mode: at 10,000 m Mach 2.71; at 30,000+ m Mach 3.87
-GERWALK Mode: maximum walking speed 100 km/h; flying 500 km/h
g limit: in space +7
Design Features: 3-mode variable transformation; variable geometry wing; vertical take-off and landing; control-configurable vehicle; single-axis thrust vectoring; three “magic hand” manipulators for maintenance use; retractable canopy shield for Battroid mode and atmospheric reentry; VF-1S enhanced avionics suite; option of GBP-1S system, atmospheric-escape booster, or FAST Pack system.
-Min time from Fighter to GERWALK (automated): approx. 1.5 sec.
-Min time from GERWALK to Battroid (automated): under 2 sec.
Standard time from Fighter to Battroid (automated): under 5 sec.
-Min time from Fighter to Battroid (manual): 0.9 sec.
– Armament –
-4 x Fixed Mauler RÖV-20 anti-aircraft laser cannons, firing 6,000 pulses per minute each
-1 x Howard GU-11 55 mm three-barrel Gatling gun pod with 200 rds fired at 1,200 rds/min
Bombs & Missiles:
-4 x underwing hard points for 12 x AMM-1 hybrid guided multipurpose missiles (3/point)
-or 12 x MK-82 LDGB conventional bombs (3/point)
-or 6 x RMS-1 large anti-ship reaction missiles (2/outboard point, 1/inboard point)
-or 4 x UUM-7 micro-missile pods (1/point) each carrying 15 x Bifors HMM-01 micro-missiles
-or a combination of above load-outs
Shinnakasu Heavy Industry GBP-1S ground-combat protector weapon system
or Shinnakasu Heavy Industry FAST Pack augmentative space weapon system
Description and History
The final of the four minor VF-1 variants, the VF-1S carries the heaviest weapon load of the standard variable fighter. Manufactured only in limited numbers, Northrom also enlisted Kyuusei Industry to design a new head unit for their own variant. The VF-1S mounts four of the Mauler series RÖV-20 anti-aircraft laser cannons and enjoys several upgrades in addition to firepower. The engines are improved Shinnakasu Heavy Industry/P&W/Roice FF-2001D models resulting in measurably improved thrust and an enhanced avionics package is featured in each VF-1S. While usually reserved for CAGs (Commander of Air Group), the VF-1S also sometimes finds itself serving as the variable fighter for a squadron leader much like the VF-1J. Captain Roy Focker piloted a VF-1S during his command of the infamous Skull Squadron.
Debut: Super Dimension Fortress Macross, Episode 1
Pilot(s): Roy Focker, Hikaru Ichijo
Other Appearances: Macross: Do You Remember Love?
Original mechanical designer: Shoji Kawamori
The Earth Sphere Federation (ESF) is the merging of the three superpowers of Earth (the Union of Solar Energy and Free Nations, the Advanced European Union and the Human Reform League) in Mobile Suit Gundam 00. The Federation encompassed a total of 328 countries in the year A.D. 2312 when the Earth Sphere Federation Army was commissioned. It is the successor of the United Nations.
Formation of UN Forces & Birth of ESF
During the events of AD 2307, near the end of Celestial Being’s World Armed Intervention Campaign, victory was near at hand. The Union, AEU, and HRL was near the brink of complete military collapse as Team Trinity entered the fray and not only crippled their all opponents, but took measures forward to attacking their manufacturing facilities that prevented them from building new machines of war. With all measures exhausted, the 3 military powers seriously considered giving Celestial Being (CB) their unconditional surrender. However, the game changed when CB agents with their own agendas, Alejandro Corner and Laguna Harvey, stepped in and gave them a fighting chance.
The 3 world governments were each given 10 GN Drive Taus, a total of 30, and mobile suits for them to utilize for battle. It wasn’t long afterwards that the 3 governments united their military might under the banner of the United Nations Forces . With the power of the GNX mobile suits, they chased away Team Trinity and forced them into retreat. UN Forces would quickly mount a new counter-offensive against the Ptolemy team by finishing them off in their own campaign titled: Operation Fallen Angels. While CB wasn’t fully confirmed defeated, it was an opportunity to give the world relief that their governments was strong and competent in destroying CB. Not confirming their demise would be their undoing.
By A.D. 2310, the 3 world governments would reform their military and governments into a singular unified force giving birth to the Earth Sphere Federation. Ironically, as much as the world may have detested and feared Celestial Being in A.D. 2307, the organisation had succeeded in their goal of creating a new era of peace by forcing the nations of the world into unifying under a single government. Unfortunately, this government was not exactly what the people of the world had wished for.
World Unification Campaign & Rebellion
Under the shadow leadership of Innovators, the ESF created their own shadow peace-keeping task force A-Laws. Though they claim A-Laws is a front-line deterrent against any organization that would threaten their government and peace, their true mission was to subjugate and control any nations that refused to join the ESF charter. The last of anti-Federation resistance were pockets situated in Middle Eastern countries that still had their own military strength. As such the Federation resorted to using their own force in the name of unification and peace of the world.
Having monopolised and mass produced GN technology, they actively vented GN Tau Particles throughout the Middle East in attempts to choke out the last pockets of resistance. This ironically also shielded anti-Federation military bases from the ESF. They created strict economic policies, media suppression, proxy wars, and technology suppression in all attempts to financially cripple resisting nations and forcing them to have to join the Federation. When all other attempts failed the Federation would dispatch the A-Laws to burn the country to the ground leaving just enough of the population left to serve as a warning. With Ribbons extending Veda’s information control capabilities in favour of the A-Laws the Federation public was blissfully unaware of the activties of their government as Veda censored all forms of media.
While the large majority of the public was blissfully unaware of the ESF’s actions, there were those who were fully aware. Reporters that once reported the truth were replaced with false reporters. The real reporters and various people who suffered under the ESF banded together and became the coalition known as Katharon. Those that escaped capture and other people who opposed the Federation began their own campaign by creating their own intelligence networks and planning guerrilla attacks to bring attention to their cause and the true extent of the A-Laws’ activites. However since the Federation controls all forms of the media, with help from the Innovators and Veda, Katharon was portrayed as a terrorist group to the blinded eye. However those that were unable to escape capture were arrested and smuggled away to secret Federation detention facilities for anti-Federation elements. There they are repeatedly questioned and interrogated, even potentially tortured, to release the names and locations of their resistance cells.
Because of the A-Laws use of Memento Mori, many in the Regular Forces of the ESF Army later became dissident of the government’s policies. Those that took action formed the ESF Coup d’état Faction that took over the AEU Orbital Elevator before it was destroyed by the Memento Mori. Those were captured the AEU Elevator did so under the command of Colonel Pang Hercules. However, his insurrection failed and the Federation’s Secretary of Defense became the President of the Federation, thanks to the Innovators. After the superweapon’s destruction at the hands of Celestial Being, the government then passed an order that allowed A-Laws direct control of the regular army to reinforce the security of the world. With the ESF Army completely under the, the A-Laws became the most powerful and most feated force in Earth Sphere. The A-Laws launched a renewed campaign to destroy Celestial Being, but Katharon and ESF Coup d’état Faction intervened. After the A-Laws’ last fleet was crushed all three factions would move on and fought the Innovators.
After the A-Laws were exposed thanks to the efforts of Celestial Being, Katharon and the ESF Coup d’état Faction, a more idealistic President was elected and disbanded the A-Laws, as well as returning the sovereignty to those independent nations who were attacked and forced to join the Federation. She also took to reorganizing the Earth Sphere Federation Army and later reorganised the entire Federation. Under her rule the Federation promoted cooperation with other nations in order create a true unified Earth.
After capturing the former Innovators’ mothership, the Celestial Being, the Federation began to recieve help from the quantum processing unit Veda. With Veda and the Celestial Being the Federation government allowed the ESF Army to advance the technology of their forces. Between 2312 and 2314 the new administration also changed the public’s opinion on Celestial Being themselves and allowed for a movie, based upon CB’s war against the A-Laws, to be created for public viewing. The ESF Army’s GNX-803T GN-XIV also had a very similiar silhouette to CB’s Gundams.
Two years later, the Earth Sphere Federation had established a pacifist policy in order to make up for the atrocities committed by A-Laws and the Innovators. Peace reigned throughout Earth but only because the government was fearful of using any military action as the people were still recovering from the full extent of the actions carried out by the A-Laws. Eventually, the ESF discovers newly emerging Innovators throughout the world and began to carry out research and experimentals on them aboard the Celestial Being. Veda had also been helping the ESF with its information control policies. The Federation also gained knowledge of Veda’s bio-terminals, the Innovade, and recruited many into the ESF Army. Those that did not join kept the Celestial Being and Veda in perfect working for the Federation.
In 2314, the Earth Sphere Federation encountered the sentient alien lifeform, dubbed, the Extraterrestrial Living-metal Shape-shifter or ELS. The ELS assimilated whatever they came within direct contact with and could assume its shape. At first the Federation was curious about the ELS but this curiousity later disappeared as the ELS caused havoc on Earth and later showed hostility to ESF Army fleets that were deployed to intercept them and understand their motive for traveling towards Earth. When an ELS armada emerged from Jupiter’s Big Red Spot, having destroyed Io and Ganymede in the process, the Federation government lied to the public saying that “there was no chance the aliens were heading for the Earth”. The ESF Parliament then debated on what course of action to take.
Eventually the Madam President and the Parliament order the ESF Army to mobilise and to prepare to defend the Earth. However even in creating an “Absolute Defense Line” and using the Celestial Being, the ESF Army was unable to stall the much larger ELS armada’s advancement on Earth. Luckily, Gundam Meister Setsuna F. Seiei was able to open a dialogue with the ELS and cleared up any misunderstandings. The ELS then reformatted their homeworld into the shape of a desert flower, symbolizing that they came in peace.
Despite making peace with the ELS, the Federation began to face problems from within. In the aftermath of the ELS those who had been partly assimilated were able to create a bond with the ELS attached to them and merged which turned them into Pseudo-Innovators. Non-Innovator Humans dubbed the “Old Human Faction” developed a problem with these false Innovator and started a war with them. The Faction also created their own Pseudo-Innovators through restrainment, forced cooperation and later enhancement via knowledge taken from the former HRL’s Super Solider Program.It is unkown if Celestial Being commenced an Armed Intervention between the OHF and ESF or desorganized at the end of the ELS War.
However by 2364, the ESF was again at peace and efforts to colonize the Moon had been sucessful. The Federation had also created their most advanced ship yet, the Sumeragi deep space exploration starship, which was crewed by True Innovators due to their longer life spans. It is presumed by this time that Humanity and the ELS have reached an understanding and co-existed peacefully with one another.
he Federation’s main political governing body is the Federation Parliament. It handles the day-to-day administration of the Federation’s territory. The regime in 2312 is extremely corrupt, taking advantage of Veda’s real-time information control to distort the facts and cover up the crimes committed by the A-Laws. In A.D. 2312 the President of the Federation usually followed “recommendations” from the Innovators, essentially reducing him to a figurehead.
After the defeat of A-Laws and the destruction of the Innovators under Ribbons Almark, a new administration takes power, pledging to create a true Earth Sphere Federation. The new female President also promises to bring the A-Laws to justice for their abuse of power, crimes against humanity, and general disregard for non-Federation states. The female President also tried to promote membership of the Earth Sphere Federation to those nations that had still not joined the Federation. At the same time the ESF begun providing aid for non-Federation nations that had been burned by the A-Laws whilst setting up new policies and completely dismantling the A-Laws. All of these actions proved to be highly-successful and the new administration gained support and became popular with the public. This administration also, in direct opposite of previous ones, protrayed Celestial Being in a postive light to the public.
During 2314 the Madam President of the Federation continued to uphold the Federation’s pacifist policies even in light of events such as the attempted assassination of Marina Ismail. She would also make it a priority to develop an “infrastructure” for dealing with Innovators before they became wide spread. This government also made several wise and strategic decisions such as evacuating those who had the potential to become Innovators, and thus could utilize quantum brainwaves, into anti-QBW shelters which kept them hidden from the ELS. This government would have to eventually give up its pacifism to allow the ESF Army to defend the Earth from the ELS. It is more than likely that the same administration and Madam President continued to serve their term after the ELS War and was the one to begin negotiation with the ELS to create an alliance or partnership between Humanity and ELS.
Earth Sphere Federation Army
The Earth Sphere Federation military is the largest armed force in the world, comprising of the combined military might of the Union of Solar Energy and Free Nations, the Human Reform League, the Advanced European Union, and the few (if any) miscellaneous member states. It was created to be the primary peacekeeping force of the Federation before the creation of the A-Laws. After the reemerged Celestial Being had been failed to be destroyed by the A-Laws on several occasions the entire ESF Army was placed under the A-Laws’ authority by the courrpt Federation President. By A.D. 2314 the ESF Army was again the Federation’s primary military and had been upgraded with Innovator and Celestial Being technology gleamed from the captured Celestial Being. The ESF Army played a critical role in holding back the ELS threat in 2314. It is completely unkown if the Earth Sphere Federation Army still exists in the year of 2364 A.D.