Archive for the ‘AVIATION’ Category
From huge international companies such as British Airways and American Airlines to smaller, independent airlines such as Aer Lingus and Flybe, there are thousands of airlines operating in the skies today.
Throughout the last 20 years, these airlines have gone through many changes. Not only have some expanded their destinations across the globe but some have merged with other airlines to become familiar, household names in holidays. In this infographic, Just The Flight investigates the humble beginnings of the world’s most well-known airlines by the ever-changing and sometimes strange world of the airline logo
An airman is a member of the air component of a nation’s armed service. In the United States Air Force and the Royal Air Force (in which airwoman is also seen), it can also refer to a specific enlisted rank. More informally, it can refer to any member of an air force, or to any pilot, aviator, or aircrewman, military or civilian, male or female.
In civilian aviation usage, the term airman is analogous to the term sailor in nautical usage. (U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard members are almost all sailors, even on naval and Coast Guard shore bases, but the subset of these who actually serve at sea in ships and boats are also “seamen”. Further, people in these services who are involved in flying are also “airmen”.) In the American Federal Aviation Administration usage, an airman is any holder of an airman’s certificate, male or female. This certificate is issued to those who qualify for it by the Federal Aviation Administration Airmen Certification Branch.
The Northrop YB-49 was a prototype jet-powered heavy bomber aircraft developed by Northrop shortly after World War II. Intended for service with the U.S. Air Force, the YB-49 featured a flying wing design. It was a jet-powered development of the earlier, piston-engined Northrop XB-35 and YB-35; the two YB-49s actually built were both converted YB-35 test aircraft.
PIERCED by a battery of tunnels a flying wing airplane is proposed by an engineer at the famous Caproni airplane works in Italy. Streamlined motors and four-bladed propellers will drive air blasts through the tunnels, each of which forms a Venturi tube, expanding toward the rear. Thus, according to the inventor, the air will give a forward push something in the manner of rocket propulsion. Aided by the Italian government, the designer recently completed a single-engined experimental craft incorporating his ideas. This odd flying barrel was put through successful tests near Rome. (P.S.M., Jan. ’33, p. 18.) Details of the huge machine he proposes to build for transatlantic travel are shown in the pictures above. A half-dozen tunnels or more will run through the immense flying wing. Rudders and elevators will be mounted so they will move in the blasts issuing from the tubes. The craft will be piloted from a cabin with transparent walls at the center of the leading edge of the wing. On either side will be observation bays from which passengers can look ahead. Other windows will afford a rear view from the central passenger’s cabin. Another feature of the machine will be a catwalk running lengthwise through the wing. It will enable mechanics to make adjustments while the plane is in flight.
Antonov, or Antonov Aeronautical Scientific/Technical Complex (Antonov ASTC) , formerly the Antonov Design Bureau, is a Ukrainian aircraft manufacturing and services company with particular expertise in the field of very large aircraft construction. Antonov ASTC is a state-owned commercial company. Its headquarters are in Kiev.
The company is named after Oleg Antonov, its founder and head designer of An-2, An-24, An-22 and other planes.
The Antonov company lacks facilities for full construction of some aircraft, a result of Soviet industrial strategy that split military production between different regions of the USSR. This distribution minimized potential war loss risks. As a result, Antonov airplanes are often assembled by the specialist contract manufacturers in Kharkiv (Ukraine), Novosibirsk (Russia), and Tashkent (Uzbekistan).
123 Fields of commercial activity of Antonov ASTC include:
Aircraft construction and manufacture
Airfreight services (Antonov Airlines)
Aircraft maintenance and upgrading
Aerospace related engineering support
Operation of the Gostomel airport (Antonov Airport)
Trolley bus construction and manufacture (a spin-off, using existing technical expertise).
Air Start project. Satellite launch from the modified version of Ruslan.
Private Lithuanian Antonov An-2 in the UK
Antonov’s airplanes (design office prefix An) range from the rugged An-2 biplane (which itself is comparatively large for a biplane) through the An-28 reconnaissance aircraft to the massive An-124 Ruslan and An-225 Mriya strategic airlifters (the latter being the world’s heaviest aircraft with only one currently in service). Whilst less famous, the An-24, An-26, An-30 and An-32 family of twin turboprop, high winged, passenger/cargo/troop transport aircraft are important for domestic/short-haul air services particularly in parts of the world once led by communist governments. The An-72/An-74 series of small jetliners is slowly replacing that fleet, and a larger An-70 freighter is under certification.
The Antonov An-148 is a brand new short-haul airliner of twin-turbofan configuration, which is awaiting Western certification. Over 150 aircraft have been ordered since 2007, all of them by Russian and former East-bloc operators plus Cuba. A stretched version is in development, the An-158 (from 60-70 to 90-100 passengers).