Archive for the ‘AVIATION’ Category



Aircraft manufacturer Airbus has unveiled its Concept Plane, an “engineer’s dream” machine that envisions the future of air transport in 2030.

The plane imagines what the airplane would look like “if advancements in existing technologies continue apace,

” with consideration to the design of aircraft materials, aerodynamics, cabins and engines.

The aircraft has long, slim wings, semi-embedded engines, a U-shaped tail and a lightweight, “intelligent” body that all target greater fuel efficiency, fewer emissions and less noise.
 

The plane was announced at the 2010 Farnborough International Airshow.

“It’s not a real aircraft and all the technologies it features, though feasible, are not likely to come together in the same manner,”

said Airbus executive vice president of engineering Charles Champion in a statement.

“Here we are stretching our imagination and thinking beyond our usual boundaries.”

It’s an honorable goal. The airline industry rates pretty high in terms of adverse environmental impact, and the future of green transportation often overlooks the plane for cars, buses, streetcars and high-speed trains to reduce urban congestion.

 

But planes are still necessary for long-haul transcontinental travel, and rethinking them can make a big difference for countries and corporations alike.

A look into the future, by Airbus:

  • Seats made from ecological, self-cleaning materials that change shape for a snug fit
  • Walls that become see-through at the touch of a button, allowing 360-degree views.
  • Holographic projections of virtual decors, allowing travelers to transform their private cabin into an office or bedroom.
  • Use of green energy sources such as fuel cells, solar panels or even our own body heat to power some aircraft systems.
  • Rethinking the flight itself: aircraft may even fly in formation like birds to reduce drag, fuel burn and emissions.



Credit : www.flightglobal.com

 



In science fiction, conspiracy theory, and underground comic books, stories or claims circulate linking UFOs to Nazi Germany. These Nazi UFO theories describe supposedly successful attempts to develop advanced aircraft or spacecraft prior to and during World War II, and further claim the post-war survival of these craft in secret underground bases in Antarctica, South America or the United States, along with their creators. Within the canon of media various code-names or sub-classification of UFO craft are identified: Rundflugzeug, Feuerball, Diskus, Haunebu, Hauneburg-Geräte, V7, VRIL, Kugelblitz, Andromeda-Geräte, Flugkreisel, Kugelwaffen, Reichsflugscheiben.

Accounts appear from as early as 1950, likely inspired by historical German development of specialized engines such as Viktor Schauberger’s “Repulsine” around the time of WWII. Elements of the claims have been widely incorporated into various works of fictional and purportedly non-fictional media including video games and documentaries, often mixed with more substantiated information.

Nazi UFO literature very often conforms largely to documented history on the following points:

-Nazi Germany claimed the territory of New Swabia in Antarctica, sent an expedition there in 1938,
and planned others.
-Nazi Germany conducted research into advanced propulsion technology, including rocketry, Viktor
Schauberger’s engine research, flying wing craft and the Arthur Sack A.S.6 experimental circular
winged aircraft.
-Some UFO sightings during World War II, particularly those known as foo fighters, were thought by
the allies to be prototype enemy aircraft designed to harass Allied aircraft through
electromagnetic disruption; a technology similar to today’s electromagnetic pulse (EMP) weapons.

Early claims
In 1947 Robert A. Heinlein published a science fiction novel Rocket Ship Galileo that featured a Nazi moon base.

The earliest assertion of Nazi flying saucers appears to have been an article which appeared in the Italian newspaper Il Giornale d’Italia in early 1950. Written by Professor Giuseppe Belluzzo, an Italian scientist and a former Italian Minister of National Economy under the Mussolini regime, it claimed that “types of flying discs were designed and studied in Germany and Italy as early as 1942″. Belluzzo also expressed the opinion that “some great power is launching discs to study them”.

The Bell UFO was among the first flying objects to be connected with the Nazis. It apparently had occult markings on it and it was also rumoured to have been very similar to a German Document about a vertical take off aircraft. The Bell supposedly crashed in Pennsylvania in the 50’s. The same month, German engineer Rudolf Schriever gave an interview to German news magazine Der Spiegel in which he claimed that he had designed a craft powered by a circular plane of rotating turbine blades 49 ft (15 m) in diameter. He said that the project had been developed by him and his team at BMW’s Prague works until April 1945, when he fled Czechoslovakia. His designs for the disk and a model were stolen from his workshop in Bremerhaven-Lehe in 1948 and he was convinced that Czech agents had built his craft for “a foreign power”. In a separate interview with Der Spiegel in October 1952 he said that the plans were stolen from a farm he was hiding in near Regen on 14 May 1945. There are other discrepancies between the two interviews that add to the confusion.

In 1953, when Avro Canada announced that it was developing the VZ-9-AV Avrocar, a circular jet aircraft with an estimated speed of 1,500 mph (2,400 km/h), German engineer Georg Klein claimed that such designs had been developed during the Third Reich. Klein identified two types of supposed German flying disks:

-A non-rotating disk developed at Breslau by V-2 rocket engineer Richard Miethe, which was captured
by the Soviets, while Miethe fled to the US via France, and ended up working for Avro.
-A disk developed by Rudolf Schriever and Klaus Habermohl at Prague, which consisted of a ring of
moving turbine blades around a fixed cockpit. Klein claimed that he had witnessed this craft’s
first manned flight on 14 February 1945, when it managed to climb to 12,400 m (40,700 ft) in 3
minutes and attained a speed of 2,200 km/h (1,400 mph) in level flight.

Aeronautical engineer Roy Fedden remarked that the only craft that could approach the capabilities attributed to flying saucers were those being designed by the Germans towards the end of the war. Fedden (who was also chief of the technical mission to Germany for the Ministry of Aircraft Production) stated in 1945:

“ I have seen enough of their designs and production plans to realize that if they (the Germans) had managed to prolong the war some months longer, we would have been confronted with a set of entirely new and deadly developments in air warfare. ”

Fedden also added that the Germans were working on a number of very unusual aeronautical projects, though he did not elaborate upon his statement.

In 1959, Captain Edward J. Ruppelt, editor of the U.S. Air Force’s Project Blue Book wrote:

“When WWII ended, the Germans had several radical types of aircraft and guided missiles under development. The majority were in the most preliminary stages, but they were the only known craft that could even approach the performance of objects reported to UFO observers.”

Later claims
Morning of the Magicians
Le Matin des Magiciens, a 1960 book by Louis Pauwels and Jacques Bergier, made many spectacular claims about the Vril Society of Berlin.[11] Several years later writers, including Jan van Helsing, Norbert-Jürgen Ratthofer, and Vladimir Terziski, have built on their work, connecting the Vril Society with UFOs. Among their claims, they imply that the society may have made contact with an alien race and dedicated itself to creating spacecraft to reach the aliens. In partnership with the Thule Society and the Nazi Party, the Vril Society developed a series of flying disc prototypes. With the Nazi defeat, the society allegedly retreated to a base in Antarctica and vanished.

Vladimir Terziski
Vladimir Terziski, a Bulgarian engineer who bills himself as president of the American Academy of Dissident Sciences, claims that the Germans collaborated in their advanced craft research with Axis powers Italy and Japan, and continued their space effort after the war from a base in New Swabia. He alleges that Germans may have landed on the Moon as early as 1942 and established an underground base there. Terziski relates that when Russians and Americans secretly landed on the moon in the 1950s they stayed at this still-operating base. According to Terziski, “there is atmosphere, water and vegetation on the Moon,” which NASA conceals to exclude the third world from moon exploration. Terziski has been accused of fabricating his video and photographic evidence.

Ernst Zündel’s marketing ploy
When German Holocaust denier Ernst Zündel started Samisdat Publishers in the 1970s, he initially catered to the UFOlogy community, which was then at its peak of public acceptance. His books claimed that flying saucers were Nazi secret weapons launched from an underground base in Antarctica, from which the Nazis hoped to conquer the world and possibly the planets. Zündel also sold (for $9999) seats on an exploration team to locate the polar entrance to the hollow earth. Some who interviewed Zündel claim that he privately admitted it was a deliberate hoax to build publicity for Samisdat, although he still defended it as late as 2002.

Miguel Serrano’s book
In 1978 Miguel Serrano, a Chilean diplomat and Nazi sympathizer, published The Golden Band, in which he claimed that Adolf Hitler was an Avatar of Vishnu and was at that time communing with Hyperborean gods in an underground Antarctic base in New Swabia. Serrano predicted that Hitler would lead a fleet of UFOs from the base to establish the Fourth Reich. In popular culture, this alleged UFO fleet is referred to as the Nazi flying saucers from Antarctica.


The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II is a family of single-seat, single-engine, fifth generation multirole fighters under development to perform ground attack, reconnaissance, and air defense missions with stealth capability. The F-35 has three main models; one is a conventional takeoff and landing variant, the second is a short take off and vertical-landing variant, and the third is a carrier-based variant.

The F-35 is descended from the X-35, the product of the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) program. JSF development is being principally funded by the United States, with the United Kingdom and other partner governments providing additional funding. The partner nations are either NATO members or close U.S. allies. It is being designed and built by an aerospace industry team led by Lockheed Martin. The F-35 took its first flight on 15 December 2006.

The United States intends to buy a total of 2,443 aircraft for an estimated US$323 billion, making it the most expensive defense program ever. The United States Air Force (USAF) budget data in 2010, along with other sources, projects the F-35 to have a flyaway cost from US$89 million to US$200 million over the planned production of F-35s. Cost estimates have risen to $382 billion for 2,443 aircraft, at an average of $156 million each. The rising program cost estimates have cast doubt on the actual number to be produced for the U.S. In January 2011, the F-35B variant was placed on “probation” for two years because of development problems. In February 2011, the Pentagon put a price of $207.6 million for each of the 32 aircraft to be acquired in FY2012, rising to $304.15 million ($9,732.8/32) if its share of RDT&E spending is included.

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On Saturday November 22, 2003 at 1015 local time a DHL A-300B6 taking off
from Baghdad Int’l Apt (formerly Saddam Int’l – SDA) was hit by 2 SAM-7
missiles at height of approx 2500ft.
Both missiles impacted, one in contact with the left wing, another
apparently not in contact, but close enough to inflict damage. The one
that impacted on contact hit a point approx. 5m outboard of the engine
mount. The wing caught fire, but the pilot, who declared an emergency,
was able to land safely.

A video showing a masked militant firing the missile that hit a DHL
cargo jet over Baghdad this weekend – ending all commercial civilian
flights – has been delivered to a French journalist.

The missile set the plane’s engine ablaze – the first successful hit on a plane in the seven-month-old insurgency.

The six-minute footage was received by Sara Daniel, a correspondent
with a French weekly, Le Nouvel Observateur, on Monday. It shows 10
militants, with their faces covered by chequered keffiyeh headdresses
or white scarves, carrying out the attack south of the capital on
Saturday.

The missile, launched from the shoulder, is seen shooting up into the
sky after being fired by one of the men. It then homes in on the
Airbus-300 freighter. The vapour trail makes a sharp U-turn as the
missile homes in on signals from flight.

The militants are then seen rushing away in a car. The 11th militant -
who presumably shot the footage – films his own lap in his haste to get
into the vehicle.

After a break the video resumes with footage of the airliner diving
down to Baghdad airport – this part of the recording is amateur footage
shot through electricity lines.

The men were clad in flowing black abayas or camouflage fatigues and
carried rocket-propelled grenade launchers or Kalashnikovs, as well as
two portable missile launchers.

Only one missile is shown being fired.

Before the firing a US army helicopter is seen hovering in the middle
distance, but the militants have clearly chosen their target and leave
the military aircraft alone.

The missile launcher is an SA-14 Gremlin, not an SA-7 Grail as initially reported by the US military.

Daniel said the video had been left at her hotel on Sunday. She said
she had no idea why she had been chosen from the hundreds of other
journalists covering the insurgency that has dogged the occupation.

"I have been working on a feature on the resistance groups for several
weeks. I’ve no idea who these people are who carried out this attack
but maybe they had heard of me through the others I have met while
researching my piece."

Daniel said she had met "Islamic militants who were bitterly opposed to
Saddam Hussein’s regime and whose only aim now is to end the US
occupation".

A miraculous emergency landing at Baghdad airport meant nobody was hurt
in the strike. But the hit prompted the suspension by the US military
of all commercial civilian flights into the Iraqi capital – severing a
key link to the outside world.

The decision affected DHL – the only commercial courier to fly into
Iraq – and Royal Wings, a subsidiary of Royal Jordanian, which offered
the only regular passenger service.

Tens of thousands of surface-to-air missiles were bought by Saddam
Hussein’s regime, many of which fell into civilian hands after the
collapse of his armed forces during the US-led invasion.

The coalition has set up a buy-back programme to get the weapons off
the streets but acknowledges that hundreds probably remain in the hands
of their enemies.

The threat has prevented the reopening of Baghdad airport to scheduled
flights since the entry of US troops – despite huge initial interest
from international carriers.

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